Hampus Jakobsson di Brisk e TAT

Caffè del Fondatore episodio 023

Sono Jeroen di Salesflare e questo è il Caffè Fondatore.

Every two weeks I have coffee with a different founder. We discuss life, passions, learnings, … in an intimate talk, getting to know the person behind the company.

Per questo ventitreesimo episodio ho parlato con Hampus Jakobsson, cofondatore di Brisk.io e di The Astonishing Tribe, e ora partner di BlueYard.

Hampus ha iniziato con un gruppo di amici in una stanza del dormitorio e si è subito imbarcato in un viaggio epico, navigando dove il vento soffiava.

Ha realizzato interfacce utente per i grandi produttori di telefoni, ha venduto la sua azienda a BlackBerry per $150 milioni, ha lavorato a fusioni e acquisizioni, ha iniziato a fare angel investing (in oltre 90 aziende), ha lanciato una nuova startup software per acquisire maggiore esperienza nella raccolta di fondi e ora si trova dall'altra parte del tavolo, investendo in startup tecnologiche che stanno per cambiare il mondo.

We theorize about how the world works, about the two different stages of a startup, the state of venture capital, work-life balance, and why you should not build someone else’s company.

Benvenuti al Caffè del Fondatore.

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Jeroen: Hi Hampus, it’s great to have you on Founder Coffee.

Hampus: È bello essere qui.

Jeroen: Attualmente lei è VC presso BlueYard, ma in precedenza è stato fondatore di The Astonishing Tribe e poi di Brisk.io. Di solito chiedo alle persone di presentare l'azienda o il luogo in cui si trovano, ma forse può presentare queste tre aziende molto rapidamente, per darci una panoramica del suo percorso?

Hampus: Of course. When I was young, in university, I started a company with five of my friends, which we literally stumbled into. There were six friends actually. I was working at an arts company in London as an intern. I got back and with one of my friends then, using the inspiration I got from there, we were able to build a big arts installation. We were like, “Whoa, that’s great, but we probably have to start a company to invoice that.” Another two friends were building a consultancy doing image recognition and video stuff. They wanted to start a company around that. Another friend was working with special effects for movies, and we were all really close friends. We just said, “Hey, let’s just start this company together,” even though we were doing three completely different things.

Jeroen: Di cosa si occupava esattamente la compagnia? Si occupava di arte?

Hampus: It was something completely crazy. Think about this like, dorm-room, completely random stuff. Everything was about, essentially, experiences, like video compression technology, arts, special effects for movies. Everything and the kitchen sink. We started this as a hobby project while in university and then started having a lot of fun. We were doing great and invoicing customers, and spent a lot lesser time at the university than we probably should have sometimes. Then what happened was that a friend of ours pinged us and said, “Oh, I’m working at Sony, and Sony and Ericsson just merged. We’re building a mobile phone.” And we had actually worked quite a long time in computer arts. that’s why we did these activities.

Hampus: So he said, “Oh, can you help us build the first products for the mobile phone and get the software for that?” We just said, “No way!” Because we had worked for the gaming start-up before mobile gaming started up and we just felt mobile phones in 2001, that’s never going to come anywhere. Mobile phones and touch screens were getting smaller and smaller. But this guy was like, “Hey, save my ass.” So we said, “Okay, sure. We’ll help you out.” And we started talking to them and came into the first meeting and we had built a prototype for them.

Hampus: They come in, they look at we did and they say, “Wow, how much is this? Can we license it.” We had no idea what that amounts to, so we said, “Yep, it’s 40,000 Euros.” And they were like, “Yeah, per mobile phone model?” We just said, “What? Yes, yes. Exactly.” So that was it. The company turned from this dorm room craziness to something very focused on one thing, which was mobile user interfaces and the software to empower that. Essentially, everything you see on your phone, which is now the menu system or the popups or the notifications and everything – the operating system essentially, the top layer of it.

Hampus: What we did is that we licensed this software to Motorola, Samsung, Sony Ericsson, Nokia, all of those kind of players, and they paid us crazy money, like five million Euros per year. But it took forever to sell to these companies. We ended up designing the user interface for Android, for lots of Orange projects, Vodafone, Disney, lots of different things. And we didn’t raise money because, hey, remember, this is a dorm room crazy company that does everything.

Hampus: 2010 we were 180 people in Sweden, Korea, the US, and then some people in Taiwan and Japan. And then BlackBerry came out of nowhere and said, “Hey, we would like to acquire you.” BlackBerry then, 2010, you might not remember it now, but they were the leading smartphone manufacturer in the world. We’d never met with them, but they were essentially the only ones except Apple that had started tinkering with it, who did really impressive work with smartphones. Got an offer by them, $150 million. We didn’t have venture capital, so it was completely crazy.

Hampus: And then I worked two years from BlackBerry doing M&A, which means acquiring companies, which was very, very interesting. I’m on the other side of the table. Suddenly, I get to see all these companies going like, “Oh, they’re presenting themselves pretty strangely,” or “They don’t understand corporates. Why are they doing this and that?”

Hampus: After two years there, I decided to start another company. So I started Brisk for multiple reasons. I had angel invested quite a lot, and I felt quite painfully that I didn’t know the ventures world. I didn’t know how to raise money because I’d never done that. And the other thing is that I was so interested in figuring out how to help people to do data-driven decision-making because I’d just seen how corporates are pretty bad at working with data to decide stuff.

Hampus: Me and one of the other founders of TAT, we started this company, raised two million dollars, and started building after a couple of micro pivots around it. We started building this sales tool that took in data from the CRM, the calendar, the emails, all the small data around the salesperson, and made a recommendation to them to sell. Either I’m like, “Hey, you forgot Colin at AT&T. It’s another opportunity with CRM.” And then either the salesperson said, “Okay, I’ll call Colin.” or the salesperson is like, “AT&T, that’s a lost opportunity.” Either they pushed the deal forward or they updated the CRM data. Essentially, it felt like a great idea.

Hampus: Ciò che non è stata una grande idea è stato il complesso onboarding su un altro sistema CRM come Salesforce. Alla fine è successo che, anche se abbiamo acquisito clienti molto interessanti come LinkedIn, Intercom, BoostSuite, Evernote, molte grandi aziende americane a cui è piaciuto molto il prodotto, l'onboarding è stato molto, molto complicato. Alla fine abbiamo venduto la società per pochi spiccioli e per le spese legali e abbiamo distribuito i soldi agli investitori.

Hampus: Then I started an angel group. I started a startup community. I started an accelerator. And after that, I joined BlueYard which is a venture fund that invests in infrastructure around a couple of different theses, But I would generally say it’s about lot of things trapped in silos right now. Data’s trapped in silos and even work, you have to have certain skills. For example, electricity or anything is trapped in the old way of doing it, and BlueYard essentially is about lowering these hedges that offer tools for the new labor economy. Tools for liberating data out of the internet or tools for easy communication. And not like web conferencing or startups, but essentially thinking about stuff like net neutrality or the Chinese firewall or just data being trapped in strange places like big pharma, where they’re actually not helping the society.

Hampus: That’s where I work today, and I really, really enjoy it.

Jeroen: That’s a serious journey, and it seems that it’s a journey that you didn’t really think through from the start. It sort of happened, right?

Hampus: Completamente pianificato. No, stavo scherzando.

Hampus: I believe in planning, but I don’t believe in executing the plan you planned. I think that everybody should sit back, journal, plan the week, have the goals for the year, all of that. But I think that if we believe that we’re going to follow the plan, we can only do things that are obvious. Christopher Columbus could never have found America if he was going after finding America.

Hampus: I think the reason Christopher Columbus found America was that he wanted to get a shorter path to India, and I think what he did was he pitched the idea to the Portuguese royalty saying, “Hey, you’ve seen all these traders going around Africa, and you’ve seen all these gradual improvements of 5% year-by-year, they’re getting slightly faster, bigger ships, yada yada. But we have this great idea that if we go west, it is going to be much, much faster. It’s much higher risk, but it’s going to go faster. And we found this actual thing that another guy found a couple of years earlier, but this wind is going to work. And we’re getting to India. This is a high bet. If it works, it’s going to be 10X faster, 100X better”. And I think that if he would have said, “We’re going to find America,” he would never have found it.

Hampus: I think the thing is if people plan their life and meticulously implement that plan, they’re not going to get there. But people who act like a sailboat on the sea, that goes where the wind blows, they’re not going to get anywhere either.

Hampus: I really believe in creating plans and thinking stuff through and essentially, creating an operating system for life thinking, “What do I want to achieve? How do I want to achieve it? Why do I want to achieve it?” So that suddenly, when an opportunity comes knocking, you can think about it.

Hampus: Is this the big direction I want to go? And if it is, then let’s lean in. If it’s not in the big direction, I go, “I’m going to say no.” If somebody said, “Hey, do you want to do an internship at The Economist?” If you want to go into that kind of world, yes. If you hate the idea, then just say no, and no angst. The day after, you did what your “plan” told you, but if you had a plan that said, “I want to work at The Economist,” I would tell you that most of the time you’re going to be very sad.

Jeroen: Come devo immaginarlo? Ha in mente una qualche missione o si basa solo su una sorta di intuizione?

Hampus: The way that I implement it is I very much create a direction. I start by creating a plan of exactly what I want to do. Like, “I want to do this, that, this, that, this, that.” And then I start and try to zoom out of that and ask myself, “What does that mean? Why would I want to do that?” In some of these things, I realize the goal is that I want to learn or I want to be more creative or I want to create more meaningful connections or personal health, or something like that. Then I look at that goal and realize those are actually the goals. Then I try to make those concrete.

Hampus: Instead I have four or five big goals, like personal health or connections or something, and then under those I have more examples of ways to reach that for myself. On a weekly basis, on a monthly basis, I try to pursue the things that are under the big headline because otherwise I can’t just sit there and go, “Health, what to do with health?” One of the things is I try to run 20K every Sunday morning, but sometimes I fall off the horse, and I don’t. I’m don’t literally fall off the horse, but sometimes I don’t run 20K in the mornings. So my goal is to make sure I average 10K per week all year.

Hampus: È un obiettivo molto concreto e il sotto-obiettivo è correre 20 km la domenica. Ma l'obiettivo principale è la salute, il che significa che il mio obiettivo più vicino a quello che devo completare è correre 20 km la domenica. Non riesco a raggiungere questo obiettivo ogni due settimane, ma poi vado a correre una media di 10 km a settimana, quindi riesco a raggiungere questo obiettivo. Ma poi mi assicuro di provare a correre anche 10 km. Quindi faccio una media leggermente più alta, in modo da poter fallire più spesso. E poi guardo al grande obiettivo, che è la salute, che viene raggiunto in questo modo. Ma se all'improvviso sento che correre 20 km non sarebbe salutare per me per qualche motivo, allora forse dovrei cambiare l'obiettivo più concreto, come l'obiettivo ingrandito.

Hampus: I do this for a lot of different things, and I think that’s so good. Another goal is to meet new, interesting people, and I have three or four methods of doing that. And all those methods are interchangeable, and they change over the weeks and months and quarters of the year. But the big goal I have is to really enjoy meeting interesting people with interesting ideas. How I solve that depends on the occasion.

Jeroen: It sounds like if you’ve been doing a lot of different things. On this path, you start off with a hobby-project that becomes a huge start-up or grows on a huge scale-up. Then you go into a corporate job, end up in a new start-up that remains small. And now, a VC fund. Do you see yourself going back to running a start-up after this?

Hampus: No, I don’t think I’m going to start a start-up ever again, actually. I’ll tell you the reason. My goal now, if you look at my top-line goal or the big goal I have, it is really to get to know myself, accept who I am, and be comfortable with who I am. The thing is, when I run a start-up, I really work against that goal because I am a maximizer-optimizer. It means when I run a start-up, I’m not trying to be the best of myself. I’m trying to be the best company. I start doing stuff which is super unhealthy for me. And also, not only unhealthy, but they’re also not in line with the goal of getting to know myself and accept myself. They’re in line with winning.

Hampus: Whereas being in a VC and as an angel investor who has invested in some 90+ companies, the good thing about that, is that it really resonates with the things I want to learn. I enjoy meeting ambitious, interesting people. That’s great if you’re an investor. I enjoy learning new subjects constantly. That’s great if you’re an investor. I enjoy massive variation, which is great. This evening I have a quantum computing company I’m talking to. Three days ago, I dived into fusion technology. I’m doing due diligence on a developer platform. I think it’s just superb because my brain just has to jump from all these different subjects all the time.

Hampus: And I pair this up when running, reading series of fiction and cooking, quite a lot, which is on the other end of the spectrum. If I was running a start-up, I wouldn’t cook, I wouldn’t run, I wouldn’t read. I would read stuff which is in line with my company. I would run to sleep well. And I really think that people who run start-ups, sadly, or maybe not, but I think that one has to really focus on one thing to really succeed with doing something really new – especially if you’re trying to build an exponentially scaling company. Therefore, I just found that I end up learning less. I end up being less creative. I end up living unhealthily. And those are my goals. I love learning, and learning is not what a start-up is about. In the beginning it’s about that, but after a while it’s about running the business.

Jeroen: It depends on how you look at learning, I guess. I used to be a consultant previously. I had a lot of different projects, but I always felt like I was only touching the surface while now that I run a company, I really learn things deeply, and it really matters. It’s another type of learning, I think.

Hampus: The thing is I think that I learned extremely much. I learned so much from both my start-ups. I don’t think I’ve ever learned that much about so many things because, as you grow, you force yourself to having to figure stuff out. There’s just, how do you need people or how do you do internet marketing or whatever. There’s just so many things you actually really have to figure out. The thing I found more lately is that since I’ve done two start-up journeys and angel-invested in 90+ startups with the funds and joined angel committees to invest more, now when I look around me, there’s somebody who is 10 times better at hardware than I am. There’s somebody who is 10 times better at internet marketing and there’s somebody 10 times better at leading people.

Hampus: And I started to feel more and more that if I start a new company, I would only focus on, essentially, three things. I would focus on setting the vision, recruiting the greatest people, and making sure that we have great culture and communication internally because those are the things that I could master. But everything else, I just feel like, there’s somebody who is just so much better than I am. And obviously, on those three parts, there are probably people that are much better than I am as well. Very quickly I would feel, “Oh, okay. Let’s take a step back.”

Hampus: As an angel investor or a VC, I get to do those things and that’s why I enjoy it. I get to work with the company on those three things – fund raising, communication and culture. For me, I am so happy that all these people I work with, they put up with me because I am a horrible person to work with. I really drive people crazy.

Jeroen: E tu?

Hampus: Yes, I do. I’m extremely intense. I really think things should just go so much faster. When somebody says, “We can’t do this.” One of my favourite jokes from a couple that I always use and now is going to be recorded, is where a man comes to a doctor and says, “Doctor, when I hold my hand like this, it hurts.” And the doctor, she says, “Well, don’t do that, then.” The thing is that’s kind of how I view it. When an entrepreneur says, “Aw, this is really painful.” Then I go, “Just don’t do it, then.” And they go, “What do you mean?” But if you think it’s painful building a company, I can tell you it’s going to get worse. I haven’t worked with so many companies.

Hampus: I think there are two different stages of the start-up. The pre-product market fit which is the phase when you wake up at 2:00 a.m. and ask yourself why you’re doing this thing, and you have to tell your spouse, tell your best friends that it’s a great idea. Not at 2:00 a.m. in the morning, hopefully, but you’re sitting there like, “I’m lying to them.” And you have to go to work at 8:00 a.m. in the morning and tell your investors and employees and everyone else, “You’re killing it. This is a great idea.” And you really don’t know why you’re doing it and not because of fatigue, but because it’s just confusion. One customer’s saying, “Yes” and another’s saying, “No.” One developer’s happy, another is unhappy. It’s just confusion.

Hampus: And then, suddenly, you get the product market fit and with product market fit, you move to the phase of waking up at 2:00 a.m. to just feeling completely insufficient. Customers are asking for the product faster than you can build it. Developers asking to hire more developers faster than you can hire developers. And things are just breaking everywhere, and you just feel, “Why am I the person running this thing?”

Hampus: Entrambe le fasi, le adoro. La prima fase è essenzialmente una fase artistica. E la seconda è uno spazio estremamente speciale, stranamente culturale, di espansione mentale e di crescita. Ma la maggior parte delle start-up con cui lavoro odia la prima e la seconda fase. Ma alcune persone con cui lavoro prosperano davvero e creano aziende straordinarie.

Hampus: One thing that I think is so strange is that most people believe that the more valued company somebody runs, the smarter they are. People look at Larry Page or Elon Musk or, I don’t know, Jeff Bezos, and they say, “Jeff Bezos must be the smartest person in the world,” or, “Larry Page must be the smartest person in the world.” No, not at all. Jeff Bezos and Larry Page, they’re naturally smart otherwise they wouldn’t have gotten there. They have grit, they have smarts, they have social skills, whatever is needed, maybe not social skills for all of them, but they’re not linearly smarter with derivation. And I think that that’s what I find so many people misunderstanding.

Hampus: I know companies that have reached a ten million dollar turnover. They’re some of the smartest people I know. It’s just that they were “unlucky” to get a local maximum of an idea, where someone else might be so, so smart, kind of, smarter than average and they’re more gritty and ambitious than average, but they happen to land on an amazing idea completely randomly. I think that what I enjoy is not how smart people are, but seeing people grow and helping them grow. And that’s really what I like.

Jeroen: Si tratta di una crescita all'interno di queste due fasi o di una crescita da una fase all'altra?

Hampus: For me it’s just growth. It’s like mental growth. I know people that are just extraordinary in the first phase and then, suddenly, as they get in the second phase, they just don’t like it anymore. And either they can do “lateral move” and become the chief innovation officer or marketing person or whatever, or they can just step out and start another company. I think that both of those are fine. The ones I think fail, personally fail, are the ones that stay as the CEOs, stay as the VP engineering, stay as the VP marketing or whatever, and they’re not good at it and they become a bottleneck of the company. And they hate it, but they can’t admit that they hate it because of status. I think that’s the complicated thing – how do you understand that maybe you are not at your best self right now.

Hampus: That’s why I think I love growth. I meet people who are going through the first phase and when they get to the second phase, they choose something new. I meet people who are struggling in the first phase a lot and then they get to the second phase, and they just flourish. And then I meet people who go through different phases and they just grow and grow and grow and grow. I like all three. I really just help people being the best of themselves. And I have many people that I meet and recommend stepping off the boat because they’re going to hurt themselves. Don’t do this.

Jeroen: You mentioned that you went into the VC world because you wanted to learn about raising money, being at the other side of the table. What is it that you’ve learned? Can you give us an example of something you’ve learned since you are at BlueYard?

Hampus: The learning began from I started Brisk since I’d never raised money. I really wanted to raise money so I kind of understood how that game even started. What I think I’ve learned is, at BlueYard particularly, is that money is seasonal. And right now, we’re in a post-capital season. There are just extraordinary amounts of capital that want to invest in start-ups, beyond what anybody can believe. Look at SoftBank Vision Fund, when you see one of those funds you realize, okay, there’s a lot of capital out there.

Hampus: That means that there’s a new type of founder that’s really needed. If you look 10 years ago, the best founders were the people who were able to create a product market fit – start crafting the product, selling it, and recruiting the first people. And then what happened 10 or 15 years ago is that you hired an external CEO to help scale the company. That’s completely changed because now there’s just so much capital, first of all. Also, people skills have ramped up because of the internet. People can learn so much faster.

Hampus: That means that the new kind of start-up founders are much more of people who can do the three things I said. They’re great at raising money, they’re great at recruiting the best people and making sure they’re focused on the right things, and creating a culture of communication. The strange thing about that is that skill is not taught anywhere. I used to have a belief where the people who I wanted to invest in were the people who could craft products and get it into the hands of the early adopters.

Hampus: Now, I am much more keen on investing in people who can assemble amazing teams, who have a shared, aligned, great vision. That’s just so much more interesting. I think it’s because there’s so much capital out there that you can create a fusion company or you can create something completely new, which I think just 10 years ago, there was just not enough capital. And, of course, these people, they have to know what they’re doing. You and I can’t wake up tomorrow and say, “Oh, let’s do a fusion reactor.” Because we are clueless on that, so we’re not going to do it.

Hampus: But it used to be that. It was all about the first phase, and I think right now it’s all about leadership. And the headache of that is that leadership’s not something that is institutionalized. It’s really hard to learn how to become a leader. Some people do leadership training in school, and that’s usually really dysfunctional, or they learn the hard way, by leading people and learning from it. And I think both are sub-optimal.

Hampus: That’s why I think people should start a start-up, or join a start-up because if you join a start-up when you’re young, you get to see something scale and grow and you get to understand how it is to lead super intelligent, ambitious people in something that moves really, really fast. Then you have to figure out anything from remote work, culture, credit belonging, understanding OKRs, all of those things which are applicable to whatever you do. You can go work for the UN, you can go work for a library, you can go work for another start-up or start a start-up because these skills are applicable everywhere.

Jeroen: Do you think that there’s something like a current climate where your second phase experts are better at? What if it all reverses?

Hampus: I think it’s going back and forth. I think that there are both macro-economical reasons why start-ups are super interesting for economic reasons, I mean. So there are the macro-economic and there are cultural reasons, but then there is also the third one – people have understood that start-ups exist as an asset class, which 20 years ago didn’t exist. There’s plenty of proof that it’s economically a really interesting idea to be an investor, like an LLP in a fund, I mean.

Hampus: The other thing is I think that there’s just, right now, flush cash because of what the interest rates are. But then I think the mid one is the one I find very interesting; which is I think we’ve figured out that in the start-up way there are certain problems that are much, much better at being solved a certain way than being solved by big corporates or governments or research institutions. Whereas I think that 20 years ago if somebody would’ve told me, “Oh, there’s two guys in a shed,” and I mean guys as gender-neutral, “There’s a guy and a gal in a shed that’s going to build a fusion reactor.” I would have said, “Why are they not at Oxford, Harvard, and Stanford?” And I think now I realize because the people at Oxford, Stanford, Harvard, and Yale, whatever, they would have sit there for a long while and thought about it. They’re very needed in the system.

Hampus: But it’s the entrepreneurs who go on a limb and take a risk to try it. Those are the people who bring things forward, and most of them fail. But some of them will solve it. And I think that methodology is much more running evolution faster, and I think we really need that as a species. I’m not saying about upgrading minds, uploading into the clouds, or anything. I just think that if we look at the way the environment looks right now, the actual environment, not the social environment, but the carbon monoxide problems and how far we are from the Paris Agreement, if we believe that government’s going to solve, it’s never going to happen. We need so many start-ups that look at the sustainable issues – anything from women rights, inequality, hunger, education, climate, and attack those aggressively, ambitiously, and relentlessly, and try. And nine out of ten, it’s not going to work.

Hampus: The tenth, boom, wow, we figured out a way to capture carbon and store it in some interesting way, wow. And yes, did we need some great researchers? Yes. Yes, Did we need ambitious young people? Yes. Did some corporates to refine that material? Yes. But will the corporates, the government, or the research institutions actually take the leap and take the risk? No, they won’t. That’s why I think that most entrepreneurs think that Elon Musk is a hero because what he did, he did what everybody in the world thought was impossible but technically, I think if you would ask the professionals, I think there were many professionals who were saying, the experts, that that’s very much possible. Building electrical vehicles is very much possible. Or building rockets that are much better, it’s very much possible. It’s just somebody has to take a risk.

Hampus: And I think that’s the thing which entrepreneurs are for, it’s for taking those bets, wasting the money from LPs to try and maybe creating a better planet. But then there are certain kind of companies that are not compliant with VCs that if you would scale that idea, you would destroy the idea. They should look for VCs, and VCs should look for them. There are things that if you do it better, it’s going to be unsustainable. Anything from the FMCD market, like the fast-moving consumer goods market where if your whole business model is selling clothes quicker and quicker and getting people disposing their clothes to buy new ones, then that’s a very bad model to build on. It’s much better figuring out a circular economy, which is, of course, a bad model for the investors but is a great model for the world. There are other kinds of funds like Zebra funds that invest in Zebras instead of scale companies, and I think that’s super interesting.

Hampus: All these actors should really think about what their role is in a bigger picture. Governments should much more think about how they distribute luck. That’s what governments could be really good at. They should really look at, okay, luck is really unfairly distributed or unevenly distributed. Some people are born very wealthy, some people are healthy and have no problems, a random person got sick, a random person was born into a horrible situation, or anything else. Governments should make sure that luck does not happen like that. We should distribute luck. That’s what the government could do. That’s what they should focus on and I think they can, but they don’t. They try to do all kinds of things. The governments are really bad.

Jeroen: I understand. You’re basically saying that the model for start-ups, at least VC-funded start-ups is to take a lot of money, experiment, and try to make that huge leap of faith that kind of serves a role in the economy.

Hampus: Absolutely. I think that some of them, of course, create completely societally meaningless products. The problem is we have Neolithic brains that love sugar and attention and status and things, and a pretty bad self-confidence. And we have a very medieval institution. That’s how we try to run the globe. And on top of that, we have a hyper-capitalist, digital economy that moves very, very fast. And those three things can create very nasty habits.

Hampus: I think Facebook, Instagram, whatever, they’re really, really bad for people. But they’ve also created amazing things. If it wasn’t for Facebook, a lot of the democracies that have been created and a lot of the new ways of learning and connecting with people, wouldn’t exist. But I think that some of these things are really bad as well. I hope we’re going to iron those out in the coming 10 years. I think whenever we do these leaps, for 10 years we do something really stupid. When we get brain-machine interfaces online and they work, I think we’re going to have 10 very, very horrible years, but then we might find something amazing.

Jeroen: In qualità di VC, in che modo differisce ciò che la tiene sveglia la notte? Di cosa si occupa personalmente? Di cosa si preoccupa?

Hampus: I’m not a person that worries. I do worry, though. I think as a VC there are a couple of different things. One is I spend my time a lot more thinking about how the world will change and what is possible now that can’t be possible otherwise. Anything from, “Will this thing happen now?” And there are so many levels with that. I would say there are three levels of what you can change.

Hampus: Level one is that we can move around bits in a different place. We’ve seen that, think Instagram, think about the pictures you uploaded recently recently, and what industries haven’t we been moving around bits in. Then we have the second level which moves around the atoms, which is like, do an Uber or self-driving cars or something where we’re actually thinking about moving objects around, and what industries can we think about where we can empower that field better. And the third level is moving the culture around. Can we shift and get people to view each other in a better light or transfer wealth or move inequality. With all those three levels, every minute, every year has new possibilities. Suddenly, we can do these things better. We can attack new problems.

Hampus: A lot of things I think about revolve around when people say, “We can do this,” or “This happens in the world,” anything from all the three levels – bits, atoms, and culture, is that it opens up my eyes and says, “Interesting.” I wonder if you can apply that model in this place, or I wonder if that idea actually works now or if it’s going to take another five years, or I wonder what the bottleneck would be for making sure that actually works. I think a lot about that, and I really love that.

Hampus: But what keeps a lot of investors awake at night is that they’ve found, which is the boring part of how a lot of investors work, is you find something really amazing and you want to invest in it and you realize that other people realize it’s amazing too. So you need to move very, very fast and you need to create an internal conviction that this is a great idea. That’s a thing where you need to rush and stress and have night calls until 2:00 a.m. in the morning which nobody likes because it hurts the other part. When you have calls in the morning, your frontal lobe starts treading off, and you behave like a stupid teenager or kid or an animal. But at the same time, sometimes you need to sprint.

Jeroen: Si concentra soprattutto sulla parte iniziale del processo di investimento?

Hampus: Mi occupo di tutto. Mi occupo di tutto, dagli incontri casuali con le aziende alla due diligence, dall'assistenza nella decisione di investire all'approfondimento delle analisi.

Jeroen: But there’s less stuff keeping you up at night lately?

Hampus: Yes, absolutely. There’s normal things that keep me up at night. I think what keeps all humans up at night. I have three kids, I have other interests. Random stuff happens to make me wake up in the night.

Jeroen: Lei ha detto di avere abitudini poco salutari come fondatore di una start-up, ma la situazione è cambiata come vicepresidente. Come possiamo immaginare la differenza?

Hampus: The strange thing about a VC is that if I would spend all the time doing one thing, helping one company, you would probably do the wrong thing. Once in a blue moon you invest in a company that you realize you should probably put all your eggs in that basket, but I would say that probably doesn’t happen. That means if I meet an amazing company and I get to invest in them and know how to help them scale, I will start spending four days a week helping them do that. The fund is going to be horribly bad because it’s going to be a really high risk – what if this company didn’t work, and the fund is going to fail?

Hampus: That means in the beginning I might help them to correct and figure out the course and recruit. But very early on, I have to start looking for new companies and building new theses. The way to optimize essentially is to be balanced, and the other thing I’ve learned is that I think with the years that have gone by, this might sound really stupid and cliche, I’ve gone from working hard to working smart.

Hampus: I know when I did my first company I just put in the hours. I could easily work 80 hours a week and thought that was a great idea. Now I know that it’s extremely stupid to work 80 hours, and no one should brag about working 80 hours. People should say, “I’m working 80 hours and I’m trying to quit,” because when you’re working 80 hours, you’re being super stupid, usually. You don’t know what you’re doing. You’re working like a machine, and I think it’s super important to figure out those balances. And the more you’re a start-up, the more it actually sometimes makes sense to work 80 hours because there are just so many things to do. So, you’re just rushing a task, you know exactly what to do, and you try to do it as fast as possible and with as good a quality as possible.

Hampus: Thing with investments is investments is something where there are a couple of sprints here and there, but a lot of it is a marathon. First of all, you have to keep doing it year after year. The other thing is it’s quite intellectual. You have to really think about whether you believe in this thing, and you have to be very good at reading people and figuring out if these people are bullshitting or if these people are right. If I’m tired and irritated, I’m either going to no investments or bad investments. I have to stay very balanced. I have to think about what I believe about the world, which I think is extremely interesting, but it’s also, of course, hard work in other sense.

Jeroen: Cosa significa esattamente rimanere in equilibrio per lei? Come lo fai? Si tratta soprattutto di correre la domenica o ci sono altri modi?

Hampus: I think there are many, many ways I try to do this. I’m pretty bad at it. You don’t need to try something. It happens naturally, right? The reason I tried it is because I’m bad at it. I have a lot systems, so I look at my calendar and try to make sure that my calendar has a balanced calendar – that I have enough information retrieval, that I have enough thinking, that I have enough documentation, that I have enough decision-making, that I have enough collaboration. I try to make sure that if I have a week which is just about grinding, I know that’s going to be maybe a great week, but the week after is going to be pretty bad because I’m going to start becoming stupid pretty quickly.

Hampus: A method I usually use is to color my meetings. I have different colors, and I can just look at my calendar and go, “Oh, my calendar is almost completely blue-yellow. I have no purple. I have no green. That’s pretty stupid.” And then I start to fix that. For instance, next week I would try to cancel meetings if I can and move them around, but then the following week I try to course-correct to make sure they’re more even. I don’t have the perfect methodology of 20% this and 50% of that. It’s more like a hunch looking at it; that this is not going to be good. And some of those things are running, meditation, mindfulness, reading, blah blah blah, but some of them are just meeting new people or documenting what I believe, writing blog posts.

Hampus: I have a very healthy relationship with my blog. I think about something, and I write a blog post to try to think it through. Almost all the blog posts I’ve written are either for myself or they’re for a founder who I’ve been talking to about the subject for a long time. And instead of just saying half-thought-through things, I force myself to write something so I actually have to think it through. When I give them that or give myself that, I find it to be so different. I could really see through things better, and it enriches me for a long time.

Jeroen: I see. So slowly wrapping up and further thinking things through and thinking about the world, what are the some of the latest good books you’ve read and why did you choose to read them?

Hampus: I have two kinds of books I read, two kinds of books I guess people read, fiction and textbooks. I read a lot of fiction books. I really enjoy reading fiction. I think it’s an amazing way of seeing the world through other people’s eyes, and I think it’s an amazing way of thinking of things I’ve never thought about. But, of course, I think textbooks are really great because textbooks also distill that viewpoint in a much more solidified version because it’s a framework – a standard one. On fiction, I read massive amounts of really great fiction. Last year I had 40-45 fiction books. I think 10 of them were amazing. But in textbooks, I think they are completely different.

Hampus: Ci sono libri che credo molte persone dovrebbero leggere e che riguardano il ridimensionamento della vita, il diventare una persona migliore. Penso che Giochi finiti e infiniti sia un libro straordinario su come funziona la vita. Penso che L'ostacolo è la via sia un libro straordinario su come affrontare i problemi e su come non essere troppo tristi per le cose. Mi piace molto La mente giusta, che tratta essenzialmente di come capire le persone con una morale molto diversa dalla tua. Sorprendentemente, mi è piaciuto Abitudini atomiche, che pensavo sarebbe stato un libro piuttosto orribile, ma in realtà mi è piaciuto molto. Ho sentito di aver imparato qualcosa da tutti questi libri.

Hampus: I think that on the fiction side, first of all, I really like them. But I think there are certain books that teach us things we’ve never seen or thought. I really, really love, for example, A Little Life, and I think a lot of entrepreneurs should read A Little Life because it’s really a book about ambition, and how ambition really hurts, and how complicated it is to be very ambitious. And then I think that there are interesting science fiction books that treat very interesting technical possibilities in the future like Three-Body Problem or Ancillary Justice or the Bobiverse Series or Fifth Season, which I think all explore a future with a technical mindset or culturally new mindset, which I think are interesting.

Hampus: Direi che leggere è fantastico e che le persone dovrebbero andare su Goodreads e leggere i libri che hanno un punteggio superiore a quattro e poi trovare qualcosa che gli piace.

Jeroen: Sicuramente.

Hampus: Penso che tutti nel mondo dovrebbero leggere La bussola d'oro, perché La bussola d'oro è uno dei migliori libri mai scritti.

Jeroen: I’ll add it to my Goodreads list.

Hampus: It’s a young adult book, so I’m warning you.

Jeroen: Mi scusi?

Hampus: It’s a young adult book. You should read it.

Jeroen: Cool. I’ll certainly do that. Final thought now, if you had one best piece of advice you had to give start-up founders, what would it be?

Hampus: Build the company you really want to build. What I mean by that is I think I meet so many founders that are stuck in a world where if the company succeeds they’re not going to be happy because they don’t want to work at that company because they would hate working for a company that was like that, if they got employed. If the company fails, they’re going to be super sad because it’s horrible to fail a company. Instead, I would say much rather take high risks and build a company you really want to work with, work at forever, because if you’re able to create that company, it doesn’t matter. You’re either going to learn stuff you want to learn or you’re going to be successful building the company and then going to be super happy because you can work at that company.

Hampus: And don’t build someone else’s company. Don’t care what your parents, what your friends, what your VCs say. Build a company you want to build, but then be clearly communicating about that company so people don’t get disappointed with you or angry at you. Figure that out. Build the company you want to build.

Jeroen: Definitely agree. Thank you again, Hampus, for being on Founder Coffee. It’s really great to have you.

Hampus: Grazie, Jeroen. Ciao.

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Jeroen Corthout